Understanding and Managing Airborne Allergies

Allergy medical center

Allergies affect millions of people worldwide, causing symptoms such as itching, sneezing, coughing, and wheezing. 

In this article, we’ll discuss the different types of airborne allergies, including their causes and management options.


Pollen allergies are one of the most common types of allergies in Southeast Asia. They are caused by the release of pollen from plants, which can trigger an immune response in some people. Ragweed, grasses, and trees are the most common allergenic plants in the region.

According to a study published in the Asia Pacific Allergy Journal, pollen allergies are most prevalent in Singapore, with a prevalence rate of 18.2% among adults. In Malaysia, the prevalence rate is 14.9%, while in Thailand, it is 6.3%.

If you have this condition, you may experience symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, and throat irritation. In severe cases, it can also trigger asthma attacks.

To manage pollen allergies, it’s important to avoid exposure to pollen as much as possible. This can be done by staying indoors during peak pollen times, using air conditioning to filter out pollen, and wearing a mask when outside. Over-the-counter antihistamines and nasal sprays can also be used to alleviate symptoms.

Dust Mites 

They are microscopic creatures that thrive in warm and humid environments, making them common in Southeast Asian countries such as Malaysia. Dust mite allergies occur when people inhale or come into contact with the tiny particles that dust mites leave behind.

According to a study published in the Journal of the Medical Association of Malaysia, the prevalence of this condition among asthmatic patients in Malaysia is 80%. In Singapore, a study published in the Asia Pacific Allergy Journal found that the prevalence of dust mite hypersensitivity among children with asthma was 84%.

Symptoms when contact with dust mites can include sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, and asthma. In severe cases, dust mite sensitivity can lead to eczema and other skin problems.

To manage dust mite allergies, it’s important to keep your home clean and free of dust. Using air conditioning and dehumidifiers can help control humidity levels, which can limit the growth of dust mites. Mattress and pillow protectors can also help keep dust mites at bay.


It is a fungus that thrives in warm and humid environments, which are common in many parts of Southeast Asia, including Thailand. Mold spores can trigger reactions and respiratory problems, such as asthma and sinusitis.

According to a study published in the Journal of Asthma, this condition can be found in 32.5% of the population in Thiland. The study also found that mold sensitivity was significantly associated with asthma and rhinitis.

To manage mold allergies, it’s important to keep your home dry and well-ventilated. Using dehumidifiers and air conditioning can help control humidity levels, which can limit the growth of mold. Cleaning and removing mold from your home can also help alleviate symptoms.


Allergies are a common health problem in Southeast Asia, with pollen allergies, food allergies, dust mite allergies, insect sting allergies, and mold allergies being among the most prevalent types. If you suspect that you are succeptible, it’s important to see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. Managing allergies can involve a combination of avoiding triggers, using medication, and carrying an epinephrine auto-injector in case of severe allergic reactions. With proper management, people with allergies can lead healthy and fulfilling lives.


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